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Why Has There Been A Spike in Deaths-By-Heroin?

Why Has There Been A Spike in Deaths By Heroin
Date Posted: Tuesday, February 28th, 2017

Deadly heroin overdoses in the United States more than quadrupled from 2010 to 2015, new government figures reveal.

There were 12,989 overdose deaths involving heroin in 2015, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, compared with 3,036 such fatalities five years earlier.

The drug now accounts for a quarter of overdose deaths, according to the data, which offer a glimpse into the scale of America's current addiction epidemic.

Health officials broadly agree that it was sparked by more aggressive prescribing of opioids to patients - particularly elderly - who were then driven to find a cheaper alternative to get their fix.

Simultaneously, the price of street-sold heroin dropped, and its potency increased.

Uptick: Heroin fatalities surged from 3,000 to 13,000 between 2010 and 2015 as the addiction epidemic took hold of the United States. 

The epidemic has led to a surge in babies being born addicted to opioids. Just today, new data showed San Diego to be the latest crisis zone, with a spike in newborns needing addiction treatment.

In 2010, heroin was involved in 8 percent of U.S. drug overdose deaths, a study by the Atlanta-based center said. By 2015, that proportion had jumped to 25 percent.

The center's research was based on death certificate data and did not examine the underlying causes.

But a 2015 study by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that the declining price of heroin and its increasing purity might be causing more people to use it.

The latest statistics come as authorities in several parts of the United States grapple with opioid and heroin crises.

Experts say there is a link between heroin use and much higher rates of prescription opioid painkiller usage.

This map in the new CDC report shows (in dark blue) which states are the hardest-hit.

Due to its falling price, heroin can cost as little as one-tenth that of prescription pills, Rich Hamburg, executive vice president of the non-profit group, Trust for America's Health, said on Thursday.

'You are 40 times more likely to use heroin if you started with opioid painkillers,' Hamburg said. 'Heroin is part of America's larger drug abuse problem.'

Friday's study found that the percentage of overdose deaths from prescription drugs such as oxycodone and hydrocodone fell to 24 percent in 2015 from 29 percent five years earlier.

Over the same period, the percentage of overdose deaths blamed on cocaine rose to 13 percent in 2015 from 11 percent in 2010, according to the study.

In 2015, the four states with the highest drug overdose death rates were West Virginia, New Hampshire, Kentucky and Ohio, the study said.

While overdose death rates increased for all age groups, those aged 55 to 64 saw the largest percentage increase, the study found.

Source: DailyMail.com

Date Posted: Tuesday, February 28th, 2017 , Total Page Views: 2466

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